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Examples :: Education :: Samples of Essays and Paragraphs for College Students - Author Interview

Interview with Evenson Dufour author of the book Samples of Essays and Paragraphs for College Students


Evenson Dufour, author of Compilation: Samples of Essays and Paragraphs for College Students, is very well placed to write on this subject, which addresses a common and potentially maddening part of study realities. He has multiple qualifications across a vast range of different types and even classes of academic, trades and business disciplines, and is now doing political science, a terminology and concept- heavy study in itself, and has written another book on President Obama and his political opponents.

This book is a collection of original works, set out as a guide for the students trapped in the rising tides of their work and needing a compass, as well as some basic 'How To material' to work with.

The best students can trip over essay or report form, get tangled in content, and let's face it, get comprehensively lost in their own text. Even brilliant students can struggle just getting their thoughts on paper.

We asked Evenson some questions about his book, and how it was put together.

1. This book could be a lifeboat for the struggling students trying to get themselves organized. What were your parameters for the content?

Compilation is a book for college students who have difficulties to write essays and paragraphs. The essays and paragraphs are based on subjects or topics currently discuss in college. The samples of essays and paragraphs will help students to discover how easy it is to write essays and paragraphs. The examples in this book will take the students from the very beginning to a knowledge and control of a various essential sentence structures, paragraphs, and essays of the English language.

This book is the result of homework and exams in college. Compilation retains the current basic ordering of structural points that students encountering daily in college and the same frequency of vocabulary as used in college level or academic English. The present book, however, is not difficult for students to get familiar with because the organization and approach are very easy to understand.

Compilation makes a serious and sincere effort to develop three language skills such as reading, understanding, and writing.

2. People sometimes wonder what their objectives are supposed to be when writing essays. Can you give us a few examples of the drivers for essay content, like specific content objectives in relation to disciplines?

First, students should know how to join ideas together.

How to Join Ideas Together?

Coordinating conjunctions can help in many ways: addition, compare contrast, cause/effect, choice, negative or condition.

Addition (, and) compare /contrast (, but, yet) cause/effect (, so, for) choice (, or) negative or condition (, nor)

Note: make sure the conjunction properly separates two independent clauses. (Ind CL, conjunction Ind CL)

Conjunctive adverbs can be very helpful.

Adjectives, subordinators, and prepositions are good to connect phrases together.

Second, When a student writes a complete essay, the main objective is to make sure to have the following:

  1. a thesis
  2. paragraphs with topic sentences that support the thesis
  3. a concluding paragraph that is not out of context of the main subject which I call the core or the heart of the body of the essay.

Write a paragraph is easy.

I would like to tell you that the two easiest patterns are promise pattern and suspense pattern.

Suspense pattern

A Couple Takes Steps to Reduce Carbon Emissions

Rachel Musdon, an environmentalist, took important steps to diminish her negative impact on the environment by disconnecting electrical appliances. For example, she decided with her husband to unplug their refrigerator because they found out that one refrigerator uses 1,300 kilowatt-hours per year, or produced approximately 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide. In order to lessen their carbon footprint, Rachel and her husband stopped using their refrigerator a year ago; instead, they use a small freezer and a cooler. Moreover, they said that they make daily trips to the grocery store; it seems inconvenient, but they are satisfied with their positive impact to protect and reduce their carbon emissions. They influenced other people to do same thing and encouraged them to keep passing the motivation to as many people as possible. A couple who took significant steps to reduce carbon emissions decided not to use their refrigerator and encouraged others to do the same to protect the environment.

Promise Pattern

President Obama Admitting Mistake

The acknowledgement of his mistake to the American public makes Obama's presidential profile different than a George W. Bush and Bill Clinton for several reasons. First of all, President Bush's advisers considered the public recognition of error by a president to be an illustration of weakness similar to Achilles' heel. For example, Mr. Bush's advisers have said many times that admitting a fault to the public is similar to showing feebleness. However, it seems that according to public reaction, President Obama's declaration about his failure projected him as a good model and a great transparent leader. A second reason why Obama's profile different from those before him is for the fact that he did not blame others when things went wrong. He said, "I screwed up."Conversely, Clinton, at the beginning of his assertion, denied any wrong doing and lied to the American people. Another reason Obama's profile dissimilar from those before him is that contrary to Bush's advisers, President Obama's advisers had a different reaction about affirmation of mistake to the public. They interpreted the admission of error by Obama as evidence of a different kind of presidency, and it was irrevocable proof that change has been demonstrated. It is obvious that there is a profound dissimilarity between President Obama and his two predecessors because of the way he handled his blunder.

Write an essay is easy

Things that I Do to Relax

Life in this world is very complicated with different kinds of activities and programs. Creating ways to relax is a must, but our obligations make it difficult for many of us to continually have activities that can help to "chill out." In psychology, relaxation is considered a therapy for the body; also, it helps the mind to be released from stress as well as having stability and inclination to keep a perfect equilibrium for the good sustainability of a human being. We generally think of relaxation in terms of loving or passionate moments. There are other important aspects in relaxation. For example, when we are relaxing, we create a good condition for certain cells in our body to rejuvenate. Moreover, it helps us to refocus on diverse activities with a better strength of mind. There are three things that I do to relax: write poetry, work out at a fitness center, and listen to the music that I like the most.

First, writing poetry is a technique that I keep using to help me to relax while my mind is generating new ideas. I tend to feel a profound calm when I come up with new insightful thoughts and take a break from my other activities to think about a new poem; as a result, I experience a progressive reduction in my stress level. For example, two days ago my blood pressure was really high, but after I gave myself a nice recreation by taking a few hours to write a nice poem, my tension dropped to its normal level. The most important explanation for this experience is that productive entertainment is one of the best methods to relax because of the fact that the mind and the body can liberate themselves from negative pressure if there is just a change of activity; in fact, the mind may cease focusing from one pressure to adapt itself to a different situation. When I am writing poetry, I realize that I reinforce my intelligence with new thoughts; meanwhile, I am enjoying a relaxing moment.

Second, working out or exercising is a good way for me to relax for many reasons. First, in a fitness center most of the conversations are focused only on body shape, physical attractiveness, and physical strength. Sometimes, members of the fitness club are laughing by telling jokes about others who don't lift enough weight to challenge their muscles. For example, yesterday evening while we were working out together, I challenged my friend Mark to lift 210 pounds. He tried very hard; however, he could not do it. As a result of his failure, everybody in the gym laughed and made fun of him. Second, my friends profit from the opportunity to talk about many topics that influenced people to do things to keep them healthy. For instance, Joe explained to us the delightful result from changing his eating habits. He said that he feels stronger and looks younger. Finally, when I am working out, I don't get depressed. Because at the moment that I am exercising, my mind is worry-free about stressful things such as the due dates of my bills.

Finally, listening to the music that I like the most is a great strategy that I often use to relax because of its three important effects on me. First of all, whenever I have encountered big obstacles that tend to make me feel bitter and powerless to overcome them. I play one of my favorite pieces of music which talks about courage and persistence in harsh moments. For instance, I like to listen to "Comos Episodic 11 Parte." Second, if I have a personal problem which keeps perturbing me, I have a hard time sleeping; therefore, I listen to my favorite music to relax and facilitate my mind to have rest. Finally, when I am listening to one of my favorite songs, I feel as if the words from the music give me a burst of energy and help me to stay alert through complicated problems.

For these reasons, I selected these three things that I developed in the previous paragraphs as the best way to relax. First, I write poems as a productive activity to enjoy a relaxing time. Second, I work out in a gym or fitness center because the environment is very pleasant for relaxing. Finally, I listen to my favorite music as a way to keep up my energy in a difficult situation. Without any doubt, these three ways to relax are obviously efficient for me, and I am using them as the best tactic to deal with different situations that I am facing in life.

  1. Find the thesis of this essay.
  2. Find two words that indicate direct contrast.
  3. Find two words that indicate result.
  4. Find to words that indicate time order.
Essay about the Style and Tone of an Article
Evenson Dufour

The Moderate Style and The Nostalgic Tone of The Article titled He Could Not Stop for Death

An article is a piece of writing expressing the point of view of an author about an event, a personal experience, a research paper, an analysis, and an editorial. Lev Grossman, a writer for Time Magazine, is the author of the article titled 'He Could Not Stop for Death'. This article, dated May 18, 2009, explains the story about the death of William Buckley- his wife Patricia and a memoir written by their son, Christopher, paying a tribute to his parents and revealing what they meant to him. In any piece of writing, there are two important things to consider: the style and the tone. Thus, the moderate style and the nostalgic tone used by the author of this article make it obvious that Christopher is deeply sad about the death of his parents.

In the article titled 'He Could Not Stop for Death' of Time Magazine dated May 18, 2009, Lev Grossman writes about the character and the death of William Buckley; also, the author talks about the death of William's wife known as Patricia. In addition, in this article, the author talks about a memoir written by Christopher, who is William Buckley's son. The title of Christopher's memoir is as follows: 'Losing Mum and Pup'. William F. Buckley, an icon for the conservative movement, had many odd habits such as eating peanut-butter-and bacon sandwiches, urinating out of open doors of cars going at full speed, drinking and smoking. Although William had a few bizarre habits, he did not have a short life; he died from a heart attack at the age of eighty-two just ten months after his wife Patricia passed away. Their son Christopher, who missed them greatly, wrote a memoir of that sorrowful year because he was very affectionate with his parents. His parents had enormous qualities which made them act as if they were superhuman. Christopher's father, William Buckley, once wrote to an admirer that the secret of happiness was 'Do not grow up.' Christopher mother's major vice was lying. Christopher's father was exceptional, but he could not escape death.

The article reflects from the beginning to the end a moderate writing style suited to its audience. At the beginning of the article, particularly in the first sentence, the author omits or shortens a word that is probably the name of a city or a state. For example, he writes 'From Boston to New Haven, Conn.' In addition, from the end of the first paragraph to the end of the last one, there are a number of contractions such as 'It's' for it is, 'He's' for he is, 'Weren't' for we were not, and 'Don't' for do not. Even though these colloquial expressions are evident, the style can be concluded as moderate because eighty percent of the passage is formal, and the writer follows almost all of the elements of formal writing: subject-verb- agreement, italicizes book's title, and paragraphs' indentations. The tone is well suited for the audience because the majority of people who buy Time Magazine have a tendency to read short and sometimes amusing articles. They like to read things that show excitement; consequently, an article written in Time Magazine is not going to be extremely formal or purely academic. In reality, the reading public is mixed; in fact, there are educated people, very educated people, and non educated people who are interested in reading magazines. Therefore, the moderate style of this article is well suited for the mixed audience.

Although the author writes in a moderate style, the tone of the passage is nostalgic because his word choice projects admiration, affection, and longing for someone. First, the author identifies William Buckley as a symbol. As an example, the author says, 'Buckley, an icon of the modern conservative movement.' In addition, the author uses the word prodigious to explain how William had special skills. Furthermore, he compares the behavior of the Buckley couple as godlike, and he mentions that both William Buckley and his wife had enormous personalities. Moreover, the author says in the last paragraph, 'Even extraordinary people are not exempt from the pedestrian, democratic reality of death.' The second sentence of the third paragraph illustrates how affectionate Christopher was with his mother Patricia, 'Christopher once came home to find his mother in a neck brace.' Then, the fourth paragraph states clearly how Christopher was affectionate with his father also. 'William's achievement and his genuine affection for his son were offset.' It is obvious that Christopher missed his parents very much. Because he wrote a memoir about them titled Losing Mum and Pup, he let out his grief concerning the death of his exceptional parents, so this is one of the aspects that makes the tone of this article nostalgic.

The style of this article is considered moderate because less than twenty percent of the passage is colloquial, and more than eighty percent is formal. From the beginning to the end of the story, the expressions used by the author refer to the sorrowful loss of two exceptional people, and how heartbreaking it is for their son, Christopher, to deal with the death of his parents. Lev Grossman's article, entitled 'He Could Not Stop for Death', on May 18, 2009 of Time Magazine, explains clearly how admiring Christopher's parents were before their death, and how deeply Christopher misses them. It is obvious that the author did not choose the title of this piece of writing callously because an analysis of the title brings to light that the author based his word choice, on his admiration for William Buckley, by the manner in which he writes such a glowing article.

Note: In this essay, the writer inserts a summary of the article to help readers understand the main points developed in the body.

  1. Find the thesis of this essay.
  2. Why do you think the third paragraph has very good details?


Punctuation Marks

Punctuation marks are used in written English to separate groups of words for meaning and emphasis; to convey an idea of the variations of pitch, volume, pauses, and intonation of the spoken language; and to help avoid ambiguity.

French speakers should be very careful with the way punctuation marks are used in written English.

In this chapter we will talk about comma, apostrophe, colon, dash, exclamation, and period.

Comma ,

1. Separates main clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.

  1. A clause is a sentence that contains at least a subject and a verb.
  2. There are seven coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so).

Examples of sentences with coordinating conjunctions:

  1. Evenson knew very little about the new regulations, and he volunteered nothing.
  2. He wants to play the final game, but he is suffering from a knee injury.

2. Sets off adverbial clauses and phrases that begin a sentence.

  1. Having agreed to disagree, the members of congress turned to discuss about other bills.
  2. The report in the speech, after being well articulated by the President, was put up for consideration.
  3. If the sentence can be easily read without a comma, the comma can be omitted.
  4. In November the uprising started in the capital.

3. Sets off transitional expressions and phrases.

  1. Indeed, no one seemed to have met him in the battle field.
  2. The C.E.O and his advisor concluded, however, that it was a bad decision to let John go.

4. Sets off contrasting expressions within a sentence.

  1. This project will take eight months, not eight weeks.
  2. I called her, not you.
  3. I want it mild, not spicy.

5. Separates word, phrases, or items in a series.

  1. Professors, students, and faculty members crowded abroad the bus.
  2. My girlfriend's job required her to pack quickly, to travel often, and to have no fun.

6. Separates two or more adjectives that modify a noun.

  1. President Obama answered all difficult questions in a calm, reflective manner.

7. Separates a direct quotation from a phrase identifying its source or speaker. The secretary of state answered, 'I am not living the meeting until an agreement is reached.'

8. Sets off nonessential information.

  1. I visit Paris, the city of lights.
  2. Evenson, the author of two books, was a good soccer player.

9. Precedes a tag question.

  1. This is a bad situation, isn't it?

10. Sets off words in direct address.

  1. This is your last game, Mr. Jordan.

Apostrophe '

1. Marks the omission of letters.

  1. He'd
  2. You're
  3. Don't

2. Forms plurals of letters, figures, symbols, and abbreviations.

a) I's    b) 80's      c) Ph.D's

3. Indicates the possessives of nouns and indefinite pronouns.

  1. The girl's aunt
  2. My teacher's opinions
  3. His sister's car

Colon :

1. Introduces a list or series.

Four companies: GM, Chrysler, Toyota, and Nissan.

2. Introduces an amplifying word, phrase, or clause.

This morning I replaced my biology class with a new one: sociology.

3. Separates titles and subtitles.

Northwest Stories: Scorpio from the Desert.

4. Is placed outside of quotation marks.

Everything becomes more interesting in 'Shadow lady and Monster Cobra': act one was well done.

Dash -

1. Introduces defining phrases and lists.

  1. The motion was then tabled - that is, removed indefinitely from consideration.
  2. The government was a leading motivator in at least sectors- alternative energy, stem cell research, and health care reform.

Exclamation !

* Ends an emphatic phrase, sentence, or interjection.

  1. Without a sense of pity!
  2. You have two choices!
  3. There is no concession!
  4. You again!
  5. 'Absolutely not'!

Period .

*Ends a sentence.

  1. He asked if we were in the party last night.
  2. He should do his best.

*Follows most of abbreviations.

a) e.g.      b) Dr.        c) Jr.        d) Mr. 
(Source of explanation Merriam-Webster's Dictionary)

3. You're a former elementary school teacher, as well as a highly successful student having the qualifications mentioned above. Is it fair to say that students often miss the objectives of their writing, or go off topic? If so, how should they approach the objectives, and make sure they don't miss the intention of the essays?

First, teachers have to do their best to teach students how to make a piece of writing simple as if it is A+B=C or 1+2=3. Second, students should know how to keep their writing simple. Third, students should approach the objectives and make sure that they don't miss the intention of the essay by considering the essay as a dialog between them and somebody they don't see physically. Finally, students should think more of the solution or the conclusion instead of a complex way to write an introduction.


Descriptive Essay

Photograph of a Crowd at a Public Concert

A concert is a social activity that helps people to express their joy for a piece of music or an artist. Even though the general idea about a public musical performance is one of the best ways to externalize joyfulness, some people communicate different aspects of emotion. The photograph of thousands of people at the Hampton Coliseum in Virginia assisting at public concert in 2004 helps to describe three types of reaction from the public.

The first reaction is the different ways the public expressed their enjoyment. First of all, at the bottom of the picture, there are two girls who expressed their happiness by laughing passionately. Second, from left to right and all the way up of the picture, the majority of the crowd not only is laughing but also screaming. The fans also used the body language to express their enjoyment. For example, from the bottom and all the way up of the image, it is remarkable to see the majority of people lifted their hands up as a way to expose how delightful there are at that time. Moreover, many of them don't only lift their hands up; also, they give round of applause. A close look almost in the middle of the picture, specifically at the third row, illustrates this observation, and below to the right corner the first man is a perfect example of a fan expressing his positive reception by clapping his hands.

The second reaction is the facial expression of a few individuals in the crowd. Not everyone in the crowd looks joyful. As an illustration, a deep look inside, almost in the middle of the picture, helps to see a man who is not laughing, screaming, or putting his hands up. He looks as if he got lost in the middle of very much happy crowd, and his facial expression indicates a profound sadness. A few inches from his left, there is a woman who seems curious probably about him. She has an unhappy facial expression also. Observing the picture from the right side to left side, gives impression that she is looking at the sad man in the mid of the crowd.

The third reaction is the fact that individuals in the crowd do different things other than screaming, laughing, and lifting their hands up to show their excitement. As an illustration, a look up to the right side of the photograph helps to see people throwing balloons to the air. It is easy to distinguish the colors of the two balloons above the heads of the people up to the right of the photograph. The color of one of them is orange, and the other one composed of three colors which are blue, red, and yellow. There are others who lift up whatever they have on hands. For instance, a quick glance above the left side calls attention to a fan who illustrates his joy by lifting up something looking like a bottle of water. Furthermore, to the right side below the orange balloon, there is another fan that lifts up a white tumbler as the way to demonstrate his enjoyment.

The interpretation of this photograph leads to the discovery of diverse ways people reveal their sentiment, appreciation, and contentment. They express their happiness by laughing, by screaming, and by lifting their hands up. However, it also highlights that not everyone in a happy crowd looks joyful. It is obvious that the main message from this photograph is to portray a happy crowd.

  1. 1) Find the thesis of this essay?
  2. 2) Find each topic sentence of each paragraph?

4. Can you give us a snapshot of an analytical essay, in terms of content requirements?

From the adjective analytic, I can say that analytical essay is a writing style involving analysis, and an analytical essay requires the ability to be able to separate things into their constituent parts in order to study or to examine or to analyze them. The objective of an analytical essay is to draw conclusion or conclusions and how to solve problems.


Insightful analysis about a short story titled Hills Like White Elephants, from the book Literature and the Writing Process 8th Edition

A Couple Having an Emotive Conversation While Drinking Beers in a Bar

Evenson Dufour

In this short story titled Hills Like White Elephants, the author, Ernest Hemingway, writes about a couple drinking beers in a bar and having a touching conversation. In this story, the author seems to sympathize more with the woman, so the man is considered more manipulative, but the tone of the story is descriptive and informational at the beginning, emotional at the middle, and sympathetic at the end.

The author appears to sympathize more with the woman for two major reasons. One reason is he describes the reactions of the woman throughout the conversation as if he puts himself in the woman's shoes. For example, he writes, 'The girl looked at the ground the table legs rested on.' In addition to this sentence, however, he writes two others such as 'The girl did not say anything, ‘The girl looked at the bead curtain, put her hand out and took hold of two of the strings of beads.' Another reason is the images and vocabularies he uses to explain a few reactions made by the woman. As an example, there are 'shadow', 'cloud', 'please', 'smile', and 'river through trees.'

Considering the author does appear to sympathize more with the woman in the story; therefore, the man is considered more manipulative in various aspects. First, the man says, 'It's really an awfully simple operation, Jig.' He continues by saying, 'It's not really an operation at all.' These two sentences prove how he is manipulating the woman, and how he is flip-lopping his words because he wants to convince her to do something that apparently, she would not like to do. Second, the man pretends that he would be ok if the woman does not want to do what he blatantly wants her to get done. For instance, he cautiously chooses his vocabularies when he says, 'If you don't want to you don't have to, but I know it perfectly simple.' Finally, he speaks like someone who planned his thoughts well just to get exactly what he wants. For example, he says, 'I love you now. You know I love you.' The adverb now means that he loves her at the moment, but the girl wants to know if he will still love her in the future.

At the beginning of this story, the tone is descriptive an informational because there is vivid language which describes a place, an object, and a beverage. There is a description about the hills across the valley of the Ebro: they were long and white. There is information about a station, and the description of a partition made of strings of bamboo beads. There is information or description about the size of cans of beer such as 'Two Big ones,' which is an indication of dimension. The information about a beverage is the following: 'With water it tastes like licorice.

The informative tone at the beginning of the story is not the same in the middle, for there are a few expressions that are usually used when emotions involved in a conversation. In a few sentences there are adverbs, verbs, and adjectives that clearly refer to sentiment. For example, there are awfully, really, perfectly, brightly, unhappy, happy, worry and feel. As a result, the tone at the middle of this story is emotional.

Conversely to the tone at the beginning and at the middle of this story, the tone at the end is sympathetic. There is this sentence in which the man says, 'I'd do anything for you.' In addition, he asks her a question that explicitly shows his sympathy. For example, he asked her, 'Do you feel better?'

In the story Hills like White Elephants, the author seems to sympathize more with the woman than the man because of the vivid language that he uses throughout this story, his expressions portrays him as if he puts himself in the woman's shoes. The man is considered more manipulative in this story because in his conversation with Jog, he indirectly pressures her to do something, and at the same time he wants to prove to her that he will accept her if she chooses not to do what he really wants her to do; therefore, he uses his words in double context. From the beginning, the middle, and the end of this story, the author uses a variety of tones: informational, emotional, and sympathetic.

5. How do students do good quality control on their content?

Students must ask a few important questions such as 'What I know about the topic?' 'What do I need to know about the topic?' 'What seems important to me about the topic?' 'How does the topic relate to other things that I know?' 'How I can approach the topic?'

6. All writers experience a 'fit it all in' situation, having too much material. How do students cope with having good material in limited space? Edit, or rephrase?

Again, students need to keep it simple—focus on the most important areas; accurately come up with supporting details that really in the right context with the topic.

7. Some students feel limited by topics. How creative can student writing be, and still hit all the subject targets?

Brainstorming in different ways about different aspects of the topic. We all know that manipulate is word that has a negative connotation, but when I was studying to obtain my AA, I used to use the word manipulate in a positive way to help myself. So when I didn't have information about a topic, I said, 'How can I manipulate the topic to at least get very close to what my instructor is expecting.' Most of the times, I ended up having an A because the instructors were always fascinated of my ability to twist to subject or the topic. Yes, ideas should be able to rotate in our mind.

8. Is there such a thing as a generic 'good academic writing format'?

Many people believe that academic writing format is writing done by scholars for other scholars. Because a language can born, develop, and die, it is obvious that during the development stage of a language, there are grammatical regulations and writing format or formats that will create the intellectual beauty of that language. So there is good academic format. However, the qualification of the format will depend on the rhetorical stance, Audience, structure, and the application of the norms considered or accepted as academic.

9. If you were to come up with a list of 'Don'ts' for college students when writing, what would you say? Can you give examples of real 'Never do this' writing?

_ Don't stop writing while thinking; don't look at the subject or the topic to write about as a challenge. Don't stop playing with the topic in your mind as if you are playing a video game in which you know that you will successful win while you are enjoying the game; don't be afraid of making mistakes; don't stop using synonyms.

10. A lot of books and internet writers recommend 'bare bones' drafting, outline formats. Do you agree, what would be a working example, and how should they be used?

Personally, I would say let the students draft their drafts. When I was taking prep English class at Palm Beach State College, I had the perfect score of 100% when I took the state exit exam for the writing class because I drafted my outline my own way. Yes, the way that could clearly, simply, and coherently help me to develop my subject or my thesis. Below are two simple examples.

1) Outline

Even though Turkey is an Islamic nation, President Obama used a variety of strategies in his speech to Turkey's Parliament last Monday for making both sides of Turkey's society had an astonishing view about him.

1. The procedure of portraying himself as someone having a positive viewpoint about the Muslim world required intelligent skills to deliver the message.

  1. Way he spoke
  2. Both camps in Turkey
  3. Way he made different groups feel
  4. Importance for saying Turkey being a bridge

2. The important section of his speech about the secular democratic structure in Turkey resonated well.

  1. Mr. Ergin opinion
  2. Change of view
  3. 'Capture exceptional nature of Turkey,' said Oral Calishar

3. The impact for choosing Turkey for his first visit to a Muslim country to deliver an important speech.

  1. Some took pride
  2. Beneficiary for Turkey
  3. Difference between Turkey and other Muslim nations

4. These approaches used by Obama helped to clarify a sense that an American leader can be appreciated or liked by a Muslim nation.

  1. Change of conception
  2. American's policy to Islam as a religion
  3. The impression against the radical groups

2) Simple way to organize an outline before a speech


Evenson Dufour

Topic: Promise to My Father


  1. Kids around twelve to seventeen years old have a tendency to let their parents know what type of person or professional they would like to become in the future. Sometimes they even make commitments to their parents as a way to make it evident that children can set future goals. I had made a promise to my father when I was thirteen years old.
  2. Thematic statement: Because I promised my father that I will do my best to graduate from a university, I am now working to fulfill the promise even though my father is in his grave.


  1. I could give up on the agreement that I had with my father for many reasons.
    1. I did not attend the school that my mother wanted me to attend to finish my high school.
    2. I was in a situation to drop out when I was about to graduate high school.
    3. I was hurt a few hours before my baccalaureate exam.
  2. I had made a significant sacrifice to enter the State University of Haiti because I gave my word to my father.
    1. I studied 19 hours a day for three consecutive months.
    2. I was successful in my first year in college, but financially I could not keep up.
  3. I dropped out of the university, but my heart and my mind were still stuck to the promise that I made to my father.
    1. I was obligated to go to work to generate some income.
    2. I explored a few possibilities that could help me to get back to college.
    3. In 2002, my father passed away eight months after I took residence in the U.S., but I still feel that I owe him the respect by fulfilling my promise.


  1. The sentiment to respect and to fulfill the vow that I made to my father is still very strong in me every day of my life even after his death.
  2. I may not have had the chance to finish high school, but I felt a significant obligation to respect my word to my father, and I did my best to graduate from high school. After high school, I fought hard to make it to a university, but I dropped out in my second year; as a result, I did not graduate from a university. Even though my father is in his grave, and I have known difficult times in my life, I am now in college completing the number of credits required to transfer to a university where I will shortly graduate with a bachelor's degree so that my promise will be fulfilled.