Personification is the process of using a person to exemplify a characteristic or nature in the form of a person. This is common literary practice dating back to ancient times, using analogies based on characters to describe wider issues, often in symbolic situations and children's moral tales. It's a common dramatic technique in theatre as a character definition, creating protagonists.
Examples of Personification:
|Darth Vader: Star Wars personification of the 'dark side'.|
Snow White: Personification of the innocent heroine/victim
Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz: personification of the innocent in a strange land
Voltaire's L'Ingenue: The savage in the civilized world.