Examples for business, study, careers, love, and more...
Examples :: Research papers :: Example of APA Style

Example of APA Style

Header: Shortened title
with all capital
letters, preceded by words
'Running head' and a colon,
on the left margin and page
number on the right margin.

Complete Title, writer's name and school name center aligned in the
middle off the page.
Strategies to Quit Smoking - A Deadly Habit
John Smith
Northwest-Shoals Community College

An optional author note giving the details about the teacher and the course. It can also provide acknowledgments or author's contact information e.g. Email ID. Author Note
This paper was prepared for Psychology 103, Section A. taught by Professor Marvin.

Heading is centered. Abstract
In the recent years, campaigns have been launched for cessation of smoking with zeal, stronger than ever before. Researches in the field of medical science have revealed that smoking causes countless diseases including Cancer, Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, various Cardiovascular Diseases and the list goes on. Smoke cessation is not easy however its benefits are beyond imagination. This paper explores various easy-to-practices to quit smoking. These strategies need subtle changings in one's lifestyle which might be a tough row to hoe especially in the beginning but with patience and determination it becomes easy. In 'Abstract' a brief summary and introduction of the subject matter is presented on a separate page.

Title is centered. Strategies to Quit Smoking - A Deadly Habit
Owing to the growing awareness about adverse consequences of smoking, smokers these days face a mounting internal and public pressure to get rid of this obnoxious habit. The awareness and pressure have resulted in a decline of smoking rates around the globe and specially in the United States 'In Florida from 1998-2000, smoking rates fell 40% among middle schoolers and 18% among high schoolers' (Good and, Nicholas 2004, p.126).Decline in the percentage of smokers has also been observed in Canada 'smoking rates have dropped dramatically in Canada in the past three decades' (Reutter, 2001, p. 13). However, the remaining smokers who are severely addicted are unable to find a way to quit. Governments, NGOs and health care communities are spending considerable amount of money and time to help these remaining smokers in their battle of smoking cessation. In a signal phrase,the word 'and'links the last names of two authors, date and page number given

Heading is centered. Strategy Useful in Smoking Cessation.

Strategies to quit smoking can only be useful if the smoker himself is highly motivated in giving up otherwise getting positive results is next to impossible. Furthermore, these strategies depend on various factors including gender and age of the smoker, years since smoking 'If any additional resources are employed in smoking cessation, it is important that patients are given clear instructions with a clear strategy and that success rates are corroborated with breath carbon monoxide measurements" (A. Seaton, D. Seaton & Leitch, 2000, p. 663).

The campaign of smoking cessation can become easier if a two-prong strategy is adopted i.e. Support Group Therapy and Nicotine Replacement. However, the chances of success are still highly dependent on the individual's level of motivation. This phenomenon is depicted on the webpage of Canadian Lung Association (2008) Reference to a webpage, page number not available.
The quoted text has more than 40 words so quotes are omitted and text is presented in a separate indented para. Most people who quit smoking use a combination of quit methods. Research showspeople are more likely to succeed in quitting smoking if they combine several supports. For example, you can join a support group, and also have some gum orpatches on hand to overcome cravings. (para. 7)

Support Group Therapy can be invaluable if carried out correctly. A support group is comprised of smokers in the quest of smoking cessation, a facilitator and a professional for advice and guidance. 'Support groups also work for people who are serious about giving up cigarettes. Quitting smoking on your own is a lonely and morale-sapping process'. (Cross, 2007, p. 83). Many hospitals and health care communities have such groups for the benefit of the people. In these groups individuals share their problems, experiences and how they overcame a specific issue. It is the duty of the facilitator to provide a healthy and helpful environment to the participants, Figure1.shows the environment of a similar quit smoking support group.

The figure has a number, a caption and information about the reference.
Figure1. From 'The Benefits of Joining a Quit Smoking Support Group' Nov. 2010,Retrieved from https://www.ebonyandivoryclub.com/the-benefits-of-joining-a-quit-smoking-support-group/

Now the second part of the strategy, the nicotine replacement therapy; this can be achieved by taking various products including nicotine gums, nasal sprays, inhalers, and lozenges.These products offer a smaller amount and less hazardous nicotine to help the smoker get rid of the addiction gradually. Mosby's Dictionary (2002) defined NRTas 'the use of chewing gum and skin patches as a substitute for tobacco smoke sources tosatisfy nicotine cravings' (p. 1183). Dictionary quote, page number given in parenthesis.
The strategy consisting of the two therapies explained above, with emotional support from family and friends and self-motivation, can guarantee positive results. It is a fact that quitting smoking is not easy but individuals, who succeed in cessation, live a longer and healthy life. It is the duty of every citizen to try and build a non-smoking society for the generations to come. Paper concludes with writer's personal recommendations.


Good, Thomas L.& Nichols, Sharon Lynn (2004),America's Teenagers-Myths and Realities,(p.126) A separate page for references with centered heading.
Reutter, L. (2001). Health and wellness. In P. A. Potter, A. G. Perry, J. C. Ross-Kerr, &M. J. Wood (Eds.),
   Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing(2nd ed.), (p. 2-30)

Seaton,Anthony. Seaton, Douglas.andLeitch,Andrew Gordon., (2000), Crofton and Douglas's Respiratory
, (p. 630).

List alphabetized by authors' last names. All names are overturned.
Hopwood, Clive and Cross,Peter, (2007) Quit Smoking for Good: 52 Brilliant Little Ideas to Kick the Habit,
  (Page 83).

Quit Smoke, 2010, The Benefits of Joining a Quit Smoking Support Group, Retrieved from

Mosby's medical nursing & allied health dictionary (6th Ed.). (2002). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

First line of every entry is left aligned andfollowinglines indented ½'.

Example of APA Format