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19 February 2011
|Using Cell Phone While Driving - Risks vs. Benefits.||Title is centered.|
The modern age has influenced every aspect of human life. Research and progress in the field of science have made life easier than ever before. Correspondingly, there has been a great evolvement in the field of communication, and cell phone is the best illustration of this phenomenon. Cell phone is the last thing a person would like to stay away from, even whiletravelling on the road. However, using cell phone while driving impairs the driver and it has been the cause of countless accidents, many of which were fatal. A driver distracted by cellphone is just like a drunk driver; weaving between the lanes, hitting other vehicles or even pedestrians. There has been an ongoing debate whether the use of cell phone while driving should be completely banned or not. Different countries have introduced various bills to regulate the use of cell phones on the road but most of these bills are not sufficient to punish the offenders. More stringent legislation is required besides thorough education of the drivers to minimize the damage caused by this bad habit.
|There have been countless reports regarding accidents caused by use of cell phone by drivers. Anthony Ambrose, a driver, describes a similar event of a driver 'who was holding aStyrofoam cup and a cigarette in one hand,and a cellular telephone in the other, and who had what appearedto be a newspaper balanced on the steering wheel-all atapproximately 70 miles per hour' (128). Patti Pena, a mother who lost her daughterMorgan in another similar accident, reports that the driver 'ran a stop sign at 45mph, broadsided my vehicle and killed Morgan as she sat in her car seat.' According to an editorial by Julie Taboh,on voanews.com:||The writer uses a clear topic sentence.
For a quotation, the author name in a signal phrase and page number in parentheses.
|Long quotation is indented without quotation marks.||Car accidents are the number one killer of teenagers in the United States.Government data show that every year over 4,000 teens lose their lives in collisions that are caused mostly by 'distracted driving' - a term that includes everything from having too many noisy passengers, to using a cell phone while driving.
|The illustration has a figure number, a caption describing the contents and source information.||
Fig.1. Acomic cartoon portrays the risk of using cell phone while driving (dvorak.org)
Donald Redelmeier, Full SGS Member Director, Clinical Epidemiology Unit Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, andRobert Tibshirani, Associate Chairman and Professor of Health Research and Policy, and Statistics Stanford University carried out a study in 1997 regarding the association between cell phone calls and motor vehicle accidents.During this research, theystudied 699 drivers who possessedcell phonesand had encountered accidents. Their call records were explored and the two researchers conclude 'the risk of acollision when using a cellular telephone was four times higherthan the risk when a cellular telephone was not being used' (433). Though this deduction sounds outlandish, yetRedelmeier andTibshiraniadvisein contradiction of reading excessively into it:
|Long quotation is indented without quotation marks and ellipsis dots show that some text has been omitted,||Our study indicates an association but not necessarilya causal relation between the use of cellular telephoneswhile driving and a subsequent motor vehiclecollision. . . . In addition, our study did not includeserious injuries. . . . Finally, the data do not indicatethat the drivers were at fault in the collisions; it maybe that cellular telephones merely decrease a driver'sability to avoid a collision caused by someone else.(457)
Though there are some benefits of staying on the phone while driving e.g. when you are going to an unfamiliar location and you need guidance over the phone, or you are calling for help in an emergency situation. However, these minor benefits are outweighed by the extreme risks which one may encounter because of talking to someone on the cell phone while driving. In the United States, many people suggest that there should be legislation at the federal level instead of county or town level. Effective lobbying from the wireless industry has played a major role in stopping the state level law from being implemented. A clear example of Japan illustrates that 'accidents linked to cell phones fell by 75% just a month afterthe country prohibited using a handheld phone while driving" (Haughney A8).
|Despite so many risks involved the cell phone use while driving might stay for some time, however, the studies have clearly portrayed that the risks of the phenomenon are far greater than its benefits. We can make the roads safer for the generations to come, by implementing more strict laws and educating the drivers.||The paper ends with the author's personal stand on the topic.|
| Ambrose, Anthony. Letter.New England Journal of Medicine 337.2(1997): 128. Print.|
Dvorak.org 'Transportation Secretary Wants To Install Cell Phone Disablers In All Cars' n.d. Web. 19 Nov.
Haughney, Christine. 'Taking Phones out of Drivers' Hands.'Washington Post 5 Nov. 2000:A8. Print.
Pena, Patricia N. 'Patti Pena's Letter to Car Talk.' Cartalk.com.Dewey, Cheetham, and Howe,n.d. Web. 10
|List of references arranged in alphabetic orders by authors' last name or work title.|
Redelmeier, Donald A., and Robert J. Tibshirani.'Association between Cellular-TelephoneCalls and Motor
VehicleCollisions.' New England Journal of Medicine 336.7 (1997):453-58. Print.
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Taboh, Julie.'Distracted Driving Killing More American Teens' Voice of America
www.voanews.com/english/news/usa/Distracted-Driving-97083609.html n.d. Web June 24, 2010
|n.d. indicates that this online resource has no update date available|