||Learning the Alphabet
|Year Level / Subject Area (Course Name)
|Time allotted for lesson
|| 50 minutes daily
Introduction of the topic
Anticipatory Set ( Song)
Learning about sounds
Writing the vowels
|Short Description of Lesson
||The lesson is an Introduction to learning the alphabet. The sounds of the five vowels will be introduced first. After which, the writing of the vowels will be taught. Because the student is at risk of LD, the lesson will be taught in a multi-sensory approach.
- identify the 5 vowels in the alphabet
- correctly pronounce the sounds of the 5 vowels in the alphabet
- independently write all the vowels in the alphabet
- listen attentively to teacher by participating in all activities
|Materials, Resources and Technology Needed
Pictures of different objects beginning with a vowel
PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)Sand
|Anticipatory Set or Focus Entry
- The teacher will start the session with a song entitled The Vowel Song. The teacher will show pictures for each of the vowels in the song.
- Students will sing with the teacher.
- The teacher will introduce the new lesson for the day.
||Learning About Sounds
Writing the Vowels
- The teacher will again show the different pictures presented in the song using PECS.
- The teacher will pronounce the name of each of the objects.
- Students will imitate the teacher in pronouncing the words.
- After which the teacher will focus on the first letter of each of the words. The teacher will pronounce the beginning sound which is then vowels. e.g. Apple
- Students will imitate the teacher in pronouncing the vowels.
- The teacher will repeat the process until students will be able to familiarize the sounds and be able to pronounce them properly.
- The teacher will present other examples of the objects that start with a vowel.
- After students are able to familiarize the different sounds of the alphabet, the teacher will introduce the writing of the vowels.
- The teacher will give students materials for tracing each of the vowels.
- The teacher will show students how to trace the letters.
- Students will then trace the letter with full physical prompt from the teacher.
- The teacher will then reduce the full physical prompts to partial physical prompts. These prompts should fade once student's shows independence in tracing.
- After the tracing activity, the teacher will show students how to write letters in sand.
- Students will then write the different vowels in sand.
|Guided Practice /Instructional Strategies
For this lesson the following methods and strategies were used:
- Deductive Method- The lesson proceeds from the general to the specific. The 5 vowels in the alphabet were introduced first and the examples for words that start with a vowel sound were given after.
- Multi- sensory Approach- The lesson caters to the different senses of the student. In this way, better retention is made. The student is able to use his senses to see, feel, and hear in the different activities in the lesson.
- One-on-One Instruction- This strategy was utilized in order to cater the individualized needs of children with special needs.
||Students will be asked the following questions:
- What are the activities that you liked most today?
- Why did you like that activity?
||Students will be given pictures of different objects. He will classify the beginning vowel of the object as A E I O U by posting the pictures on the designated visual aid. The teacher will give a short recap on the 5 vowels of the alphabet and students will repeat after the teacher.
|Reinforcement or Assignment
||Students will write the names of objects found in their house that starts with a vowel( A,E,I,O,U). He will give one example for each of the vowels.
Students will be given paper-pencil test to assess his skills in writing the vowels of the alphabet.
Observation will be used to measure the affective component of students learning. A Liker Scale will be used to assess the affective traits of students during the activities. The teacher will rate whether she agrees or disagrees with the item part of the scale.
A performance-based assessment will be used to assess students pronunciation skills. A checklist will be used as a scoring guide to identify if proper pronunciation is done.