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Example of English Lesson Plan:Identifying Words with Final Consonant Sounds

Example of English Lesson Plan: Identifying Words with Final Consonant Sounds
  1. Objectives
    1. Listening - identify words with final consonant sounds.
    2. Speaking - use words presented under listening in sentences
    3. Reading - recognize words using spelling patterns as clues.
      Eg. Digraphs CVC, consonant clusters in initial and final position.
    4. Writing - writing the corresponding cursive forms for each of the manuscript letterforms before functional letter.

  2. Subject- matters:
  3. Lesson 1 - A. words with final consonant sounds ( auditory discriminations)
    Lesson 2 - B. using words in listening in sentences
    Lesson 3 - C. word recognition
    Lesson 4 - D. cursive form writing
    Materials - pictures, flashcards.


    Value - know what is good for the others

  4. Procedure:
    1. Spelling (horn method) - pretest on words with final consonant
    2. Laugh leaf Teeth Mouth Cough
      Growth Stregnth Enough Breathe Fragrant
    3. Listening
      1. Motivation
        Teacher presents pictures about the lesson, then pronounces the words for each picture emphasizing the final consonant of the words. ( words in flashcards)
      2. Presentation
        Listen; I will say the word first , then I will use it in sentence.
        1. Laugh - don't laugh at others mistakes.
        2. Cough - if you have cough consult a doctor.
        3. Enough - if you have enough, share with others.
        4. Leaf - the leaf is the manufacturer of the food in a plant.
        5. Growth - change in height is growth.
        6. Breathe - the fish breathes through its skills.
        7. Teeth - brush your teeth three times a day.
        8. Strength - if you are healthy, you have strength to do work.
        9. Fragrant - the sampaguita is our national flower because its fragrant.
        10. Mouth - when you put food in your mouth your saliva makes it wet.
      3. Discussion/ analysis
        In laugh, cough, enough, leaf, where do you find the /f/ sound? Initial or final? (final)
        What is the final consonant of growth , breathe, teeth, strength,? (final/th/sound)
        What letters are being followed by the consonant sounds? (vowels)
      4. Generalization - the final consonant sounds of laugh, cough, enough, leaf is /f/. in growth, breathe, teeth, strength is /th/. In fragrant and mouth is /t/ sound.
      5. Fixing Skills
        What words has the final consonant of:
      6. 1.	/f/     =         raft           strap         splash          enough
        2.	/th/    =         breathe        breath        fresh           bathe
        3.	/dh/    =         both           flash         with            scratch
        4.	/sh/    =         sash           lass          laugh           loaf
        5.	/th/    =         tough          pot           grass           moth
        
      7. Application - listen carefully as I say the words twice, then use them in a sentence. (teacher calls pupils)
        1. Laugh - don't laugh at others mistakes.
        2. Cough - if you have cough consult a doctor.
        3. Enough - if you have enough, share with others.
        4. Leaf - the leaf is the manufacturer of the food in a plant.
        5. Growth - change in height is growth.
        6. Breathe - the fish breathes through its skills.
        7. Teeth - brush your teeth three times a day.
        8. Strength - if you are healthy, you have strength to do work.
        9. Fragrant - the sampaguita is our national flower because its fragrant.
        10. Mouth - when you put food in your mouth your saliva makes it wet.
    4. Reading
      1. Review - What are the vowels? (a, e, i, o, u)
        What are the consonants? (b, c, d, f, etc…)
      2. Lesson Proper
        1. Preparation - read the following sentences, then take note of the spelling patterns.
          1. The mad dog runs after the boy.
          2. The cat sleep on a mat.
          3. Why are you sad?
          4. The taste bud connected to the nerve cells.
          5. Mang Juan caught plenty of fish.
          6. Examples of glow foods are fruits and vegetables.
          7. Brush your teeth to prevent tooth decay.
          8. Drink at least 8 glasses pf water everyday.
          9. If your nose bleeds, sit with your head up.
          10. Without your nose, you cannot smell.
        2. Presentation - spelling patterns of the following:
          1. Consonant Vowel Consonant (CVC)
            1. Mad
            2. Cat
            3. Sad
            4. Mat
            5. Boy
            6. Bud
            7. Dog
          2. Consonant Clusters (Initial and Final Position)
            1. Plenty
            2. Fruits
            3. Brush
            4. Drink
            5. Bleeds
            6. Smell

            7. What is the spelling patterns of words in A and words in B?

        3. Discussion- the words mad, dog, boy, cat, mat, sad, and bud have the CVC (Consonant Vowel Consonant) pattern.

          The words plenty, fruits, brush, drink, bleeds and smell have the consonant clusters in intial and final position

        4. Generalization - the words presented have the CVC pattern and consonant clusters in intial and final position.
        5. Fixing Skills
          Which of the following words have the CVC pattern? Write A. Write B. for words with consonant cluster in the initial and final position.
          1. Log
          2. Mug
          3. Swing
          4. Crawl
          5. Shiny
          6. Cat
          7. Sad
          8. Breakfast
          9. Smell
          10. Thick
        6. Application - identify the following words with:
          1. CVC pattern
          2. Class bag trash splash
            Boy cloth tough prism
            Drink pluck bat itch
            Road water cop moth
            Pot grass fresh stress
          3. Consonant Clusters in initialand final position
          4. Trap graph both with
            Well shield build tools
            Plants court land heard
            Part splash past hand
            Clasp fort harp afford
    5. Writing
      1. Preparation - what are the letters of the alphabet?
        Go to the board, write the vowels in cursive form and the consonant in cursive form.
      2. Presentation
      3. Aa   Bb   Cc   Dd   Ee   Ff   Gg   Hh   Ii   Jj   Kk   Ll   Mm   Nn   NGng   Oo   Pp   Qq   Rr   Ss   Tt   Uu   Vv   Ww   Xx   Yy   Zz

      4. Showing how this letters are written.
      5. Fixing Skills
        Pupils write the alphabet in cursive form on the board.

  5. EVALUATION:
    1. Listening and Speaking (this is done orally)
      Listen carefully as I say the words twice and then identify the final consonant sounds to the following. After that use it in a sentence.
      1.words with final /f/ sound - teeth, cough, rush, moth, etc…
    2. Reading
      Read the first word in each row. Choose and write the letter of word that has the same spelling pattern as the first word.
    3. Sad A. chop B. mad C. pull D. stop
      Hug A. mug B. left C. roots D. itch
      Thick A. catch B. pluck C. creep D. chew
      Smell A. arms B. lips C. fresh D. gills
      Swing A. wings B. shiny C. worms D. crop
    4. Writing
      Get a clean sheet of paper and write the alphabets in cursive form. Observe proper margining. (pupils will write the alphabets in cursive form.)

  6. Extension Activities
    1. Write the final consonant sounds to the following words, then use it in a sentence
      1. Trash
      2. Breathe
      3. Cloth
      4. Cough
      5. Teeth
    2. Write spelling pattern of the following words CVC or Consonant Cluster ( in initial or final position).
      1. Plenty
      2. log
      3. Drink
      4. Pluck
      5. Boy
      6. Prism
      7. Bat
      8. Brush
      9. crawl
      10. Bug
    3. Practice writing the alphabet I cursive form.

  7. Remarks: (Pls. indicate formative test results.)