The original form of the short story dates back to classical storytellers. A core storyline, usually constructed like Aesop's Fables or folk tales, was the basis of oral storytelling in ancient cultures. The invention of original fiction as a literary form after the creation of movable type in Europe revived the form as a medium for short tales. In China fiction wasn't considered true literature, but the short story emerged as a popular form of folk story telling during the Ming Dynasty.
Examples of Short Story:http://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/creative/shortstory/