Parables are analogies, using a storyline to make a point. The modern English use of the word "parable" is usually interpreted as relating to the Bible, but the original context of parables was as teaching methods in ancient times, both secular and religious. Similar to the Bible, the ancient use of parables in ancient religions was to illustrate moral tales and spiritual values. Parables were also used in ancient literature and folklore, both as satires and cautionary tales.
Examples of parables:The Good Samaritan (New Testament)