Ibid is a scholarly abbreviated term meaning literally 'the same place', meaning 'the same source' in terms of references. This term is universal in Western literature. The practical usage is common in historical works and non-fiction. The formal requirement in history and non fiction for the constant citation of large numbers of common references to source texts in these types of works created 'ibid' as the literary equivalent of 'OK' (meaning 'all correct'), a simple repetitive term as part of a process of itemization. Terms using 'ibid' are always shown in numerical order.
Examples of Ibid:
|(Source) Livy, The War with Hannibal|
Ibid, pp 23-37
Ibid, pp 45-47
Ibid, pp 67-78