High blood pressure also known as hypertension, is common usage term referring to a form of blood pressure significantly over the normal bandwidth for an individual. Medically, it indicates a range of possible heart and circulation problems, and may relate to secondary damage caused by blood vessel, vein, heart valve or arterial issues. The condition is usually treated with drugs, but advanced forms of high blood pressure may lead to heart attacks, requiring surgery.
Examples of High Blood Pressure:
The generally accepted measure of high blood pressure is a reading over 140/90. (The reading indicates beats (systolic), 140, and rests(diastolic) 90.|
A sphygmomanometer, a device used for measuring arterial pressure.